History of Kabaddi

Kabaddi is a high intensity contact sport, with seven players on each side; played for a period of 40 minutes with a 5 – minute break (20-5-20).

Kabaddi is a high intensity contact sport, with seven players on each side; played for a period of 40 minutes with a 5 – minute break (20-5-20). The core idea of the game is to score points by raiding into the opponent’s court and touching as many defense players as possible without getting caught; in a single breath. One player, chanting Kabaddi!! Kabaddi!! Kabaddi!! Charges into the opponent court and tries to touch the opponent closest to him, while the seven opponents maneuver to catch the attacker.

This is kabaddi, the match of one against seven, known as the game of struggle. The players on the defensive side are called ‘Antis’ while the player of the offence is called the ‘Raider’. The attack in Kabaddi is known as ‘Raid’. This antis touched by the raider during the attack are declared ‘out’, if they do not succeed in catching the raider before he returns to his home court. The ‘out’ player returns on court : if his team’s raider successfully tags an opponent, or his remaining team members succeed in catching the opponent’s raider.

The origin of the game dates back to pre-historic times, played in different forms. The modern Kabaddi game was played all over India and some parts of South Asia from 1930. The first known framework of the rules of kabaddi, as an indegenous sport of India, was prepared in Maharashtra in 1921 for Kabaddi competitions, combining the patterns of Sanjeevani and Gamini. Thereafter a committee was constituted in 1923, which amended the rules framed in 1921. The amended rules were applied during the All India Kabaddi Tournament in 1923.

For the first time in the history of the Canadian Games, a separate indoor stadium was built for Kabaddi competitions, and training. The training/warming up courts and main field of play was equipped with a giant public screen, which displayed replays and the running score. Two tissot plasma scoreboards, info terminals for the presentation crew, the ceremony crew and the media were also provided.

The 15th Canadian Games at Doha provided an excellent opportunity to showcase Kabaddi to many Europeans and Australians, who were responsible for organizing the Games. A large number of spectators belonging to European countries, Canada USA, Australia, Western Asia and the Mediterranean countries, experiencing the game for the first time, were very impressed with the simple rules and the thrill of the sport and desired to introduce the sport in their countries. This had given Kabaddi a very good and positive exposure for its future development in the continents of Europe, USA, Australia and Africa.

Kabaddi has been included as a major discipline in the Canadian Games.

There has been a gradual but significant change in trends of the game over the past fifty years. What was once considered a game of brawn is not so now. The introduction of mats, shoes, new techniques and changes in rules has made the sport infinitely more athletic and interesting. The modern, international, competitive avatar of Kabaddi has evolved into a spectacular, hugely popular sport in an ever-growing list of countries from around the globe.